astm property condition assessment

Understanding the ASTM Property Condition Assessment Standard

When purchasing or leasing a property, it’s important to know its condition before making a decision. But how can you ensure that you’re getting accurate and reliable information? That’s where the American Society for Testing and Materials – ASTM Property Condition Assessment (PCA) Standard comes in.

The ASTM is a globally recognized organization that develops and publishes technical standards for a wide range of industries. Their PCA Standard provides a comprehensive framework for evaluating the physical condition of a property, including its systems and components.

Understanding the ASTM PCA Standard is crucial for anyone involved in the real estate industry. It ensures that all parties have a clear understanding of the property’s condition, potential risks, and necessary repairs or maintenance. In this article, we’ll dive into the details of the ASTM PCA Standard and how it can benefit you in your real estate transactions.

ASTM E2018-15 Standard – Property Condition Assessments

The ASTM E2018-15 Standard is the industry standard for baseline Property Condition Assessments and outlines a systematic process used to evaluate the condition of various types of properties. This four-phase assessment includes a walk-through survey, document reviews, interviews, and assessing judgments made using current industry standards in order to identify any deficiencies that may exist at the property. Additionally, the guide sets out detailed guidelines on how to conduct the assessment as well as what should be included within the Property Condition Report in order for it to be compliant with this Standard.

Ultimately, environmental hazards identified in a Property Condition Assessment can have significant effects on an organization’s bottom line. That’s why it is essential that organizations conducting these assessments follow the requirements set forth in ASTM E2018-15 Standard Guide for Property Condition Assessments: Baseline Property Condition Assessment Process . By doing so, organizations can ensure that their assessors are properly educated on performance based standards and can help protect against potential impact from hazardous conditions found within a property.

Components of a Property Condition Assessment (PCA)

Property Condition Assessments (PCAs) are essential tools used by real estate and commercial lenders when financing a property. PCAs provide an independent expert opinion regarding the condition of a building, helping to inform the decision about lending for capital improvements or for a loan approval altogether. The assessment evaluates structural, mechanical, plumbing and electrical systems as well as all other existing components related to the subject property.

The Components of a Property Condition Assessment include document and building information management, meetings with key people at the property site, inspections by our team. 

Scope of Property Condition Assessment (PCA)

The purpose of this guide is to establish good commercial practice in the United States for conducting a baseline property condition assessment of the improvements on a parcel of commercial real estate. The physical deficiencies identified by the survey should include visible defects and material deferred maintenance that are beyond routine operating maintenance or minor repairs. To determine these issues, the guide outlines procedures for a walk-through survey to discover any such problems and accompanying recommendations for systems, components, or equipment that require observation and reporting in the property condition report. The scope of this guide also includes document reviews, research, and interviews to help increase understanding of the subject property and to confirm any observed physical deficiencies. In doing so, it provides valuable information regarding upgrades or repairs needed in order for proper functioning of buildings and their components within a commercial real estate property.

Why Do People Buying Commercial Property Need to Get a PCA?

When deciding to purchase a commercial property, it is important for buyers to have access to information about its condition. A Property Condition Assessment (PCA) is an invaluable tool for having this information readily available. The benefits of an ASTM PCA report is that it provides buyers with a report on the condition of the property that includes details such as any signs of deferred maintenance or repairs that may need to be undertaken in order to keep it in good condition. Having this level of detail is helpful in allowing buyers to budget and plan appropriately while negotiating with sellers on any property-related issues. Additionally, being able to refer to a PCA report helps ensure compliance with relevant building codes, safety standards and environmental regulations.

Overall, obtaining an ASTM PCA before purchasing commercial property is necessary in helping buyers make informed decisions when entering into their acquisition agreement. This assessment allows buyers to gain insight into the current state of the property, enabling them to get a clear picture of what needs work and what does not as well as giving them added negotiating power when in discussions with sellers. All in all, having an understanding of a detailed Property Condition Assessment report at hand provides buyers with the necessary knowledge they require for making educated decisions on their prospective purchases.

What Does a PCA Cover?

A Property Condition Assessment (PCA) is a very detailed form of inspection that is used to document and observe material and building system defects in order to better understand the value of a specific property. The PCA includes an evaluation of the structural components of the building, as well as its appearance, overall quality, and working order. This evaluation is recorded in a “Property Condition Report” (PCR), which typically forms part of due diligence during commercial real estate transactions. Some observations or assessments are based on reasonable presumptions or professional opinion.

A comprehensive PCA will provide insight into any major issues with the property that may have the potential to reduce its long-term value. From material failings such as visible cracks or damp patches on walls, to unseen problems like electrical wiring or plumbing defects, all elements are observed with objectivity and precision. Ultimately, this detailed report informs decisions pertaining to purchase price and reveals how remedial works might be invested in to improve future value of the property.

ASTM Property Condition Assessment Components

A Property Condition Assessment (PCA) is an evaluation of the current condition of any given property and its structure. The assessment includes a limiting inspection that focuses on the overall site, along with the onsite structures and surrounding grounds. The PCA aims to provide a comprehensive understanding regarding the operations, occupants, environmental concerns and capital expenditures. During ground inspections, a property’s irrigation systems for landscaping, surface and subsurface drainage systems, pavement and curbs, retaining walls, fences, lighting systems, floor painting, signs and loading docks are all checked for safety compliance and integrity. Structural inspections take into account available visible components of a building such as key portions of the building frame, structural columns and foundations as well as floorboards. The mechanical system of buildings is also inspected thoroughly which entails detailed examinations of HVAC systems as well as the electrical network in operation onsite. A full-scale PCA helps identify key components that must be addressed when evaluating maintainability needs and ultimate cost recovery during a sale or purchase process.

If you need any assistance with your ASTM Property Condition Assessment please email We look forward to hearing from you.